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A deep commitment
to oppressed peoples

Frantz Fanon

fort de france

A thirst for learning and

Psychiatrist, writer and sociologist

Born in July 1925 in Fort-de-France, Frantz Fanon studied at the Lycée Schoelcher while Aimé Césaire was teaching literature there.

In 1943, at the age of 18, he joined General de Gaulle's Free French Forces. He suffered racism during this time, but continued to fight courageously for the liberation of France.

After the war, Frantz Fanon returned to Martinique, where he obtained his baccalauréat. He was then awarded a scholarship and began studying psychiatric medicine in Lyon, while continuing to study literature and philosophy.

Frantz fanon
The struggle of a lifetime:

1952 - First actions

In 1952, he denounced the cultural violence of colonialism in his first essay: Black Skin, White Masks (French: Peau noire, masques blancs).

As a psychiatrist, writer and fighter for anticolonialism, he analyzed the consequences of colonization on the colonized, as well as the process of decolonization from sociological, philosophical and psychiatric angles.

1953 - A vocation

In 1953, he became chief physician at the Blida psychiatric hospital in Algeria. There, he learned, analyzed and treated the many effects of colonization on the population.
During the Algerian War, he treated French soldiers by day and national liberation fighters by night.

1956 - A commitment

In 1956, he resigned from the Blida psychiatric hospital to join the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) in Algeria. A few weeks later, he was sent to Tunisia, where he became a leading independence figure, penning major works for the anticolonialist movement such as “A dying colonialism” and “The Wretched of the Earth”. He also became ambassador to Ghana for the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic (GPRA).

1961 - An icon

Frantz Fanon died of leukemia in December 1961, after a lifetime of dedication to the cause of oppressed peoples. 

At his request, he was buried in Algeria, after being honored with a state funeral. His last book, Les Damnés de la Terre (The Wretched of the Earth), was a worldwide success from the moment of its publication in 1961, establishing itself as a major text on Third Worldism and the anticolonial struggle.

His thought and action left a definitive mark on the 20th century. 

Martinique with a big

poissons jaunes

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Cette année, la Martinique c'est LA destination à ne pas rater !

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